ASTM A335 Pipe Specifications, Seamless Ferritic Alloy Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service
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ASTM A335 Pipe Specifications, Seamless Ferritic Alloy Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service

ASTM A335 is a ASTM standard specifies Seamless Ferritic Alloy Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service. ASTM A335 pipe ordered to this specification shall be suitable for bending and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding. Selection will depend upon design, service conditions, mechanical properties, and high-temperature characteristics.
ASTM A335 P11 alloy pipe
ASTM A335 P11 alloy pipe
ASTM A335 P11 is the part of ASTM A335, the pipe shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding.
ASTM A335 P22 alloy pipe
ASTM A335 P22 is the part of ASTM A335, the pipe shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding.
ASTM A335 P22 is the part of ASTM A335, the pipe shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding.
ASTM A335 P9 alloy pipe
ASTM A335 P9 alloy pipe
The range of ASTM A335 P9 seamless alloy steel pipe sizes that may be examined by each method shall be subjected to the limitations...

This specification covers seamless ferritic alloy-steel pipe for high-temperature service. The pipe shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding. The steel material shall conform to chemical composition, tensile property, and hardness requirements. Each length of pipe shall be subjected to the hydrostatic test. Also, each pipe shall be examined by a non-destructive examination method in accordance to the required practices. The range of pipe sizes that may be examined by each method shall be subjected to the limitations in the scope of the respective practices. The different mechanical test requirements for pipes, namely, transverse or longitudinal tension test, flattening test, and hardness or bend test are presented.
Mainly Grade of ASTM A335:

ASTM A335 P11, P22, P5, P9, P91, P92

Chemical Composition (%) for the main grade
Grade
C
Mn
P, S, max
Si
Cr
Mo
P11
0.05-0.15
0.30-0.60
0.025
0.50-1.00
1.00-1.50
0.44-0.65
P22
0.05-0.15
0.30-0.60
0.025
0.50 max
1.90-2.60
0.87-1.13
P5
0.15 max
0.30-0.60
0.025
0.50 max
4.00-6.00
0.45-0.65
P9
0.15 max
0.30-0.60
0.025
0.25-1.00
8.00-10.00
0.90-1.10
P91
0.08-0.12
0.30-0.60
0.020/0.010
0.20-0.50
8.00-9.50
0.85-1.05
V 0.18-0.25
N 0.03-0.07
Ni 0.40 max
Al 0.02 max
Nb 0.06-0.10
Ti 0.01 max
P92
0.07-0.13
0.30-0.60
0.020/0.010
0.50 max
8.50-9.50
0.30-0.60
V 0.15-0.25
N 0.03-0.07
Ni 0.40 max
Al 0.02 max
Nb 0.04-0.09
W 1.50-2.00
B 0.001-0.006
Ti 0.01 max
Zr 0.01 max
Mechanical Properties
Data
Grade P11, P22, P5, P9
Grade P91
Grade P92
Tensile strength, min, (MPa)
415
585
620
Yield strength, min, (MPa)
205
415
440
Elongation, min, (%), L/T
30/20
20/…
20/…

Heat Treatment
A / N+T
N+T / Q+T
N+T
Material & Manufacture

Pipe may be either hot finished or cold drawn with the finishing heat treatment noted below.

Heat Treatment Requirements
Grade Heat Treatment Type
P5, P9, P11, and P22
Normalizing Temperature Range F [C] Subcritical Annealing or Tempering
Temperature Range F [C]
P5 (b,c) Full or Isothermal Anneal
Normalize and Temper ***** 1250 [675]
Subcritical Anneal (P5c only) ***** 1325 – 1375 [715 - 745]
P9 Full or Isothermal Anneal
Normalize and Temper ***** 1250 [675]
P11 Full or Isothermal Anneal
Normalize and Temper ***** 1200 [650]
P22 Full or Isothermal Anneal
Normalize and Temper ***** 1250 [675]
P91 Normalize and Temper 1900-1975 [1040 - 1080] 1350-1470 [730 - 800]
Quench and Temper 1900-1975 [1040 - 1080] 1350-1470 [730 - 800]
ASTM A335 P91 alloy pipe
ASTM A335 P91 alloy pipe
ASTM A335 P91 is the part of ASTM A335, the pipe shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding.
ASTM A335 P92 alloy pipes
ASTM A335 P92 alloy pipe
ASTM A335 P92 pipe shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for fusion welding.
ASTM A213 T9 alloy pipes
ASTM A213 T9 Seamless alloy pipes
ASTM A213 T9 is the part of ASTM A213 Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, Heat-Exchanger Tubes.
Mechanical Tests Specified

Transverse or Longitudinal Tension Test and Flattening Test, Hardness Test, or Bend Test
For material heat treated in a batch-type furnace, tests shall be made on 5% of the pipe from each treated lot. For small lots, at least one pipe shall be tested.
For material heat treated by the continuous process, tests shall be made on a sufficient number of pipe to constitute 5% of the lot, but in no case less than 2 pipe.

Notes for Hardness Test:
P91 shall not have a hardness not exceeding 250 HB/265 HV [25HRC].

Notes for Bend Test:
For pipe whose diameter exceeds NPS 25 and whose diameter to wall thickness ratio is 7.0 or less shall be subjected to the bend test instead of the flattening test.
Other pipe whose diameter equals or exceeds NPS 10 may be given the bend test in place of the flattening test subject to the approval of the purchaser.
The bend test specimens shall be bent at room temperature through 180 without cracking on the outside of the bent portion.

Hydrostatic Test

The inside diameter of the bend shall be 1 inch [25 mm].
Each length of pipe shall be Hydro tested, at option of manufacture nondestructive electric testing can be used.

Ordering Information

Orders for material under this specification should include the following, as required, to describe the desired material adequately:

Quantity Feet, meters, or number of lengths
Name of material Seamless Alloy Steel Pipe
Grade P5, P9, P11, P22, P91
Manufacture Hot-finished or cold-drawn
Size using one of the following:
NPS and Schedule Number
Outside Diameter and Nominal Wall Thickness
Outside Diameter and Minimum Wall Thickness
Inside Diameter and Nominal Wall Thickness
Inside Diameter and Minimum Wall Thickness
Length Specific or Random
End Finish
Referenced Documents

 

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